Laryngitis in children

Laryngitis is a common infection in small children. Most commonly it occurs in children aged 6–23 months.Most patients only have mild symptoms and can be treated at home. Patients with more severe symptoms are treated with corticosteroids on an outpatient emergency unit. When necessary, racemic adrenalin with nebulizer may be also be given as first aid. Monitoring in a hospital is warranted in patients with clear inspiratory stridor and retraction on inspiration also in an upright position and at rest despite the first aid medication, or with symptom recurrence during follow-up (1–2 hours) after administration of the first aid medication suspected bacterial tracheitis, pneumonia complicating laryngitis, or some other severe infection.