Examination of the eyes and vision at Child Health Clinics
Strabismus is always an indication for referral to an ophthalmologist.A delay in the development of visual communication is a sign of a disturbance of the cerebral function. Because it affects both the child’s development and the family dynamics, the infant should be promptly referred for further investigations and the whole family should be provided early rehabilitation. The eyes of children at risk should be examined and possible refractive errors diagnosed during early development.As regards strabismus and amblyopia, risk groups include infants who have close relatives with these disorders. Another risk group includes infants and children with some other diagnosed impairment, delayed motor or cognitive development, muscular hypotonia, hearing impairment, or a diagnosed condition or disease that is often associated with visual impairment or severe refractive errors (Down’s syndrome).