Ankle sprain

The most common site of injury is the anterior talofibular (FTA) ligament Symptoms include pain, swelling and a haematoma at the site of injury. X-rays should be taken in accordance with the Ottawa ankle rules. Treatment is conservative (functional treatment: short period of immobilisation + exercises); in recurrent sprains surgery may be considered for selected patients. Almost half of the patients are expected to have chronic problems, which should be taken into account when planning the initial treatment.